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Governments have very significant role to play in the development process and promotion of appropriate conditions, which would lend dynamism to the national effort. In a developing country like India both the Central Government and the State Governments would need to ensure that the, administrative machinery is sensitive to the dynamics of development and responsive to the socioeconomic aspirations of its citizens. A conscious policy for the development of human resource available to the Governments would require to be fostered for meeting the challenges of development - social, economic and political. Training is one of the effective and tested tools for performance enhancement, as well as up gradation of knowledge and skills of the personnel. Organizational motivation and morale, as reflected in the attitudes and administrative culture, are rendered relevant and sharply focused through effective training programmes. Sensitivity to emerging political and social concerns, modernity in thinking and re-orientation of administrative systems would require specifically focused training programmes to enable their diffusion throughout the administrative structure.

Training Objective

Training in Government shall strive to achieve the following objectives:   Keeping up-to-date and enhancing professional knowledge and skills needed for better performance of individuals and organizations; Promoting better understanding of professional requirements as well as sensitization to professional, socioeconomic and political environment in which work is done; and   Bringing about right attitudinal orientation.

Training Concerns:

Social and political ambience is subject to constant change. The Government machinery would have to be continuously attuned to the changing needs. Training programmes for the Civil Services would, therefore, focus on:

Responsiveness:To the challenging democratic needs and expectations of the citizens and organizational and technological developments.

Commitment: To democratic values and concept of partnership and participative decision making.
Awareness: Of technological, economic and social developments.

Accountability: To ensure high performance in every professional   field and cost effective methods of delivery

Training for All

Training would be imparted to all rungs of the Civil Services starting from the lowest and cutting-edge to the highest in policy making.

For the purpose of appropriate training design, the Civil Services shall be divided into the following three levels:

The lowest level functionaries, that is operative at the cutting edge, who are mostly members of the Group 'D' services and the lower stages of Group 'C' services :

The supervisory levels and the middle management/ administrative level; (they are mostly members of the Group 'B' services, but also shade off into higher stages of Group 'C' at one end and the lower stages of Group 'A' at the other); and Group 'A' services and All India Services comprising the administration/ management level.

Training programmes of functionaries at the cutting edge shall address themselves to functional skill and attitudinal orientation. For the middle level, training shall contribute to enhancement of professional knowledge, understanding and skill as also to widening professional outlook. For the higher Civil Services, besides offering stimuli for expansion of the mental horizon and attainment of professional excellence, training shall also endeavor to sharpen perception of interrelatedness of issues. For the top levels of the higher Civil Services, training shall also be aimed at intellectually and professionally equipping the members for holding positions that involve policy analysis, strategic planning and policy formulation.

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